The papers in this volume are contributed by leading historians, art historians and archaeologists and focus on 5 key themes: the evolution of settlement patterns in the Byzantine empire; the impact of barbarian elites in Spain, Gaul, Italy and Pannonia; the role of the Church in the definition of new links between town and territories; the situation in culturally homogenous territories such as Constantinople and the minor Langbard polities; the situation in economically defined territories. Contributions include papers by Gian Pietro Brogiolo, Pablo C. Diaz, Michel Fixot, Gisela Ripoll and Javier Arce, Sauro Gelichi, Wolfram Brandes and John Haldon, Nancy Gauthier, Gisella Cantino Wataghin, Ross Balzaretti, Martina Caroli, Neil Christie, Bryan Ward-Perkins and John Mitchell.
Saint-Maurice d'Agaune - Gudme - Vistula - Francia - Maastricht - Aachen - Gaul - Cordoba.
Regna and Gentes
Author: Hans-Werner Goetz, Jörg Jarnut, Walter Pohl
This book is the first comprehensive and comparative study of the difficult relationship between ethnic identities and political organisation in the post-Roman and early medieval kingdoms. 16 authors (historians, archaeologists and linguists) deal with ten important kingdoms of this period and with its political and legal context.
Rituals of Power
Author: Frans Theuws, Janet Laughland Nelson
13 papers by 16 leading archaeologists and historians of late antiquity and the early middle ages break new ground in their discussion, analysis and criticism of present interpretations of early medieval rituals and their material correlates. Some deal with rituals relating to death, life cycles and the circulation in other contexts of objects otherwise used in the burial ritual. Others are concerned with the symbolism and ideology of royal power, the formation of a political ideology east of the Rhine from the mid-5th century onwards, and penance rituals in relation to Carolingian episcopal discourse on ecclesiastical power and morale. All deal with the creation of new identities, cultures, norms and values, and their expression in new rituals and ideas from the period of the Great Migrations through the Later Roman Empire down to the society of Beowulf and the later Carolingians.
The Long Eighth Century
Author: Inge Lyse Hansen, Chris Wickham
This book is a major reassessment of the archaeological and documentary evidence for the economic history of eighth-century Europe and the Mediterranean.
Author: Walter Pohl
Publisher: Cornell University Press
The Avars arrived in Europe from the Central Asian steppes in the mid-sixth century CE and dominated much of Central and Eastern Europe for almost 250 years. Fierce warriors and canny power brokers, the Avars were more influential and durable than Attila’s Huns, yet have remained hidden in history. Walter Pohl’s epic narrative, translated into English for the first time, restores them to their rightful place in the story of early medieval Europe. The Avars offers a comprehensive overview of their history, tracing the Avars from the construction of their steppe empire in the center of Europe; their wars and alliances with the Byzantines, Slavs, Lombards, and others; and their apex as the first so-called barbarian power to besiege Constantinople (in 626); to their fall under the Frankish armies of Charlemagne and subsequent disappearance as a distinct cultural group. Pohl uncovers the secrets of their society, synthesizing the rich archaeological record recovered from more than 60,000 graves of the period, as well as accounts of the Avars by Byzantine and other chroniclers. In recovering the story of the fascinating encounter between Eurasian nomads who established an empire in the heart of Europe and the post-Roman Christian cultures of Europe, this book provides a new perspective on the origins of medieval Europe itself.
Author: Anton Pelinka
This book describes and analyzes the many faces of Austria, past and present. Anton Pelinka comes to terms with the myriad perceptions of Austria: the legacy of the Austria of the Habsburgs, which dominated Central Europe until World War I; the Austria of Hitler, from which sprouted Nazism; post-1945 Austria, much less spectacular than earlier eras, but more predictable; and the Austria of today, struggling with its role within Europe as a small country on the eastern fringe of Europe’s sphere of prosperity.Focusing his investigation on the Austria that has emerged from World War II, Pelinka underscores the social, economic, cultural, and political developments behind the period of transition that followed. The book emphasizes the general decline of the traits considered as typically Austrian, from Austrian Catholicism and social partnership to permanent neutrality and Austrian social democracy. As the millennium approaches, Austria resembles the other small democracies of Western Europe much more closely than its own regal past.
Author: Steven Casey
Publisher: Oxford University Press
America's struggle against Nazism is one of the few aspects of World War II that has escaped controversy. Historians agree that it was a widely popular war, different from the subsequent conflicts in Korea and Vietnam because of the absence of partisan sniping, ebbing morale, or calls for a negotiated peace. In this provocative book, Steven Casey challenges conventional wisdom about America's participation in World War II. Drawing on the numerous opinion polls and surveys conducted by the U.S. government, he traces the development of elite and mass attitudes toward Germany, from the early days of the war up to its conclusion. Casey persuasively argues that the president and the public rarely saw eye to eye on the nature of the enemy, the threat it posed, or the best methods for countering it. He describes the extensive propaganda campaign that Roosevelt designed to build support for the war effort, and shows that Roosevelt had to take public opinion into account when formulating a host of policies, from the Allied bombing campaign to the Morgenthau plan to pastoralize the Third Reich. By examining the previously unrecognized relationship between public opinion and policy making during World War II, Casey's groundbreaking book sheds new light on a crucial era in American history.
This is the first of two projected volumes on the history of operational research (OR) in Britain commissioned by the UK Operational Research Society. Based upon a vast array of published and unpublished sources, the book provides an original account of the discipline's pre-war and wartime origins. This serves as a prelude to a wide-ranging analysis of the diffusion of OR into the public and private sectors after 1945. The chapters on the role of OR in iron and steel and coalmining, and its rapid adoption in the UK corporate sector after 1960, will be of particular interest to practitioners. The book also analyses and explains the diffusion of OR into local and central government and provides an informed commentary on the origins and subsequent history of the OR Society. Professor Kirby has related the development of OR in the UK to contemporary developments in the USA. The book concludes with a resume of the post-1970 debates concerning the future trajectory of OR. Contents:The Origins of Operational Research: Military and Other Antecedents to 1937The Beginnings of Operational Research: British Air Strategy, 1920–1940The Wartime Diffusion of Operational Research, 1940–1945Operational Research in Bomber Command, 1941–1945The Postwar Labour Government and Operational Research 1945–1951Operational Research in Iron and SteelOperational Research in CoalminingThe Diffusion of Operational Research After 1960: The Corporate SectorOperational Research in the Public SectorThe Institutional Development of Operational Research Readership: Graduate students, academics and practitioners in operational research and management science, as well as military, business and economic historians. Key Features:This is the first detailed history of operational research in Britain, written by an established economic historian. It is not a narrow history of the subject — the development and diffusion of OR is placed firmly within the context of Britain's recent political, social and economic history.Sponsored by the Operational Research Society, the book is based upon a wide range of archival sources, oral interviews and secondary literature.The book has been written at a level which can be understood by readers unfamiliar with OR methodology and techniques.For OR practitioners and academics, the book is an essential aid to understanding the background to the debates and controversies which affected the OR community in the 1970s and 1980s and which still resonate today.For specialist historians, the book will appeal to those with interests in the ‘scientific management’ of modern warfare; social historians wishing to further their understanding of the ‘rise of professions’; economic and business historians with interests in Britain's post-1945 industrial and managerial development; and political historians seeking further insights into the modernisation of central government unleashed by the 1964–70 Labour Government.Reviews:“Although the brief of this book might appear narrow, Kirby has commendably broadened its scope to show the relevance of OR to, or used it as an example of wider historical and economic issues, most obviously in his discussions about the penetration of Taylorism and scientific management in Britain compared to the US.” Business History “… is an excellent authorized history, produced for the Operational Research (OR) Society. Its novelty lies not in what it tells us about OR at war but about OR in peace.”The Economic History Review “The interesting historical perspective presented by the author shows that the success of operational research in obtaining the status of an independent science considerably increased the level of its technical requirements and therefore is also responsible for a closed-loop mathematical development and a loss of contact with application.”Mathematical Reviews
2011 Reprint of 1933 Edition. Full facsimile of the original edition, not reproduced with Optical Recognition Software. Smitley wrote "Popular Financial Delusions" in 1933, when the world was in the depths of the Great Depression. He had started out on the New York Stock Exchange, but gave it up to buy a bookshop on Wall Street, and he became an expert. Better still, he understood markets--and he had a bigger collection of pithy phrases than the "Oxford Dictionary of Quotations." The book is a collection of about 70 sections, each of which stands on its own. None has any reverence for the sacred cows of the investment world. From the investment trust to the mortgage, to the pension, bank deposit and - yes - even Gold; one after the other Smitley skillfully slices them up, and shows them for what they so often are." Review by Paul Tustain.
For a small, prosperous country in the middle of Europe, modern Austria has a very large and complex history, extending far beyond its current borders. Today's Austrians have a problematic relationship with that history, whether with the multi-national history of the Habsburg Monarchy, or with the time between 1938 and 1945 when Austrians were Germans in Hitler's Third Reich. Steven Beller's gripping and comprehensive account traces the remarkable career of Austria through its many transformations, from German borderland, to dynastic enterprise, imperial house, Central European great power, failed Alpine republic, German province, and then successful Alpine republic, building up a picture of the layers of Austrian identity and heritage and their diverse sources. It is a story full of anomalies and ironies, a case study of the other side of European history, without the easy answers of more clearly national narratives, and hence far more relevant to today's world.