Author: Giorgio de Chirico, Giorgio De
Publisher: Peter Owen Publishers
Compiles drawings, photographs, and tips for drawing human nude forms, depicting the structure of the human body, bones, muscles, balance, the body as a whole, and specific parts of the body.
A Treatise on Painting
Author: Leonardo (da Vinci), John Sidney Hawkins
Author: Giorgio De Chirico, Isabella Far
In this book, Giorgio de Chirico (1888-1978) recounts his early upbringing in Greece and first instruction in drawing at the Athens Polytechnic, his studies in Munich, his impressions of Italy, and his 1911 move to Paris. He relates vivid anecdotes of various Paris artists and personalities, notably Apollinaire, Cocteau, Derain, and Paul Guillaume, giving the key to incidents in Hebdomeros. He describes his sevice in the Italian Army in the First World War, his return to Paris, his association with the surrealist movement, and his subsequent disillusionment and self-isolation.
Explains in detailed, full-color demonstrations the oil-painting techniques perfected by sixteenthand seventeenth-century masters, studying portraits by Titian, Caravaggio, Reubens, and Rembrandt
Author: Philippe Daverio
Publisher: Rizzoli Publications
"In this ... illustrated guide, ... Italian art critic Philippe Daverio takes the reader on a tour of discovery through Milan and the surrounding areas of Lombardy, revealing a wealth of artistic, historical, and cultural sights"--
The idea of the book “Science and Conservation for Museum Collections” was born as a result of the experience made by CNR-ISTEC (Faenza) in the implementation of a course for Syrian restorers at the National Museum in Damascus. The book takes into consideration archaeological artefacts made out of the most common materials, like stones (both natural and artificial), mosaics, ceramics, glass, metals, wood and textiles, together with less diffuse artefacts and materials, like clay tablets, goldsmith artefacts, icons, leather and skin objects, bones and ivory, coral and mother of pearl. Each type of material is treated from four different points of view: composition and processing technology; alteration and degradation causes and mechanisms; procedures for conservative intervention; case studies and/or examples of conservation and restoration. Due to the high number of materials and to the great difference between their conservation problems, all the subjects are treated in a schematic, but precise and complete way. The book is mainly addressed to students, young restorers, conservators and conservation scientists all around the world. But the book can be usefully read by expert professionals too, because nobody can know everything and the experts often need to learn something of the materials not included in their specific knowledge. Twenty- two experts in very different fields of activity contributed with their experience for obtaining a good product. All they are Italian experts, or working in Italy, so that the book can be seen as an exemplification on how the conservation problem of Cultural Heritage is received and tackled in Italy. —————————————————— SCIENCE AND CONSERVATION FOR MUSEUM COLLECTIONS INTRODUCTION 1 – PREVENTIVE CONSERVATION 1.1 Introduction 1.2 International standards and guidelines 1.3 Environment-material interaction 1.4 Microclimate and monitoring 1.5 Handling works of art 1.6 Exhibition criteria 1.7 MUSA project: intermuseum network for conservation of artistic heritage Bibliography Acknowledgements 2 – STONE ARTEFACTS 2.1 What conservation means 2.2 Natural Stones 2.3 Artificial stones 2.4 Deterioration of the stone 2.5 Cleaning of stone artefacts 2.6 Consolidation and Protection 2.7 Case studies Bibliography 3 – MOSAICS 3.1 Manufacturing techniques 3.2 History of the mosaic 3.3 Degradation of mosaic 3.4 Restoration of mosaics 3.5 Case study Bibliography 4 – CERAMICS 4.1 Ceramic technology 4.2 Technological classification of ceramics 4.3 Alteration and degradation processes 4.4 Ceramic conservation and restoration 4.5 Case studies 4.6 Examples of restoration Bibliography Acknowledgements 5 – CLAY TABLETS 5.1 Defnition 5.2 Deterioration 5.3 Conservative intervention 5.4 Case study: Syrian tablets Bibliography Acknowledgements 6 – GLASS 6.1 General information 6.2 Processing techniques 6.3 Glass deterioration 6.4 Glass conservation and restoration 6.5 Case studies Bibliography Acknowledgements 7 – METALS 7.1 Origin of metals 7.2 Manufacturing techniques 7.3 Conservation state of metals 7.4 Conservative intervention for metals 7.5 Case studies: Recovery of metallic artefacts from terracotta containers Bibliography Acknowledgements 8 – GOLDSMITH ARTEFACTS 8.1 Goldsmith’s metals 8.2 Enamels 8.3 Precious stones 8.4 Alteration and degradation 8.5 Conservative intervention 8.6 Case studies Bibliography 9 – WOOD ARTEFACTS 9.1 Characteristics of the wood 9.2 Working techniques 9.3 Degradation of wood 9.4 How to start restoring 9.5 Restoration of a small inlaid table 9.6 Restoration of a commemorating wooden tablet 9.7 The restoration of a seventeenth-century wooden crucifix Bibliography 10 – ICONS 10.1 The construction of icons 10.2 Degradation and damages of icons 10.3 Methods of conservation and restoration of icons 10.4 Examples of conservative interventions Bibliography 11 – TEXTILE FINDS 11.1 Morphology, characteristics and properties of textiles 11.2 Decay of textile fibres 11.3 Conservation treatments of archaeological textiles 11.4 Conservation practice: two case histories Bibliography Acknowledgements 12 – LEATHER AND ANIMAL SKIN OBJECTS 12.1 Introduction 12.2 Skin 12.3 The tanning process 12.4 Parchment 12.5 Leather degradation 12.6 Conservative intervention 12.7 Examples of conservative interventions Bibliography 13 – INORGANIC MATERIALS OF ORGANIC ORIGIN 13.1 The materials 13.2 The restoration operations 13.3 Cases of study Bibliography Acknowledgements 14 – ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES 14.1 General information 14.2 Optical microscopy 14.3 Spectroscopic techniques 14.4 Radiochemical techniques 14.5 Chromatography 14.6 Electron microscopy 14.7 Thermal analyses 14.8 Open porosity measurements 14.9 Analysis of microbial colonization Bibliography Acknowledgements
Why Are We 'Artists'?
Author: Jessica Lack
Publisher: Penguin UK
'Art is not a luxury. Art is a basic social need to which everyone has a right'. This extraordinary collection of 100 artists' manifestos from across the globe over the last 100 years brings together political activists, anti-colonialists, surrealists, socialists, nihilists and a host of other voices. From the Négritude movement in Europe, Africa and Martinique to Japan's Bikyoto, from Iraqi modernism to Australian cyberfeminism, they are by turns personal, political, utopian, angry, sublime and revolutionary. Some have not been published in English before; some were written in climates of censorship and brutality; some contain visions of a future still on the horizon. What unites them is the belief that art can change the world.
The book presents for the first time the restoration of Amundsen’s glass slides, one of the most beautiful collections of slides in the world. The 248 slides are the photographic testimony of three great explorations: the Northwest Passage (1903-1906), the conquest of the South Pole (1910-1912) and the Maud expedition (1918-1925). Discovered by chance in 1986, the slides were restored in 2009 by Pietro Librici at the National Library of Norway, in a continuous cooperation with the institute team. The restoration is presented analytically in its methodological, technical, scientific and operational aspects, constituting an updated model of intervention. Critical historical studies that accompanied the restoration and the expressive features of the slides have also led the author to identify Amundsen’s own style which lies between documentary photography and photographic documentation and make the book a particular opportunity to immerse in the charm of polar expeditions, in the first years of the 20th century when the poles were the only areas of terra incognita left on the world map. CONTENTS INTRODUCTION ONE – POLAR EXPLORATIONS HORLICKS MALTED MILK! ON THE WAY OF CONFERENCES BIOGRAPHY THE NORTH WEST PASSAGE EXPEDITION THE CONQUEST OF THE SOUTH POLE MAUD EXPEDITION TWO – LANTERN SLIDES: MATERIALS, PROCESSES & TECHNIQUE STRUCTURE AND COMPOSITION Support Binder Photosensitive substance – STRUCTURE OF THE CRYSTAL LATTICE – PROPERTIES OF CRYSTALS – PRINCIPLE OF GURNEY AND MOTT Photographic Emulsion Colours Paper PROCEDURE AND TECHNIQUE: SLIDES WITH GELATIN-SILVER SALTS NEGATIVE THE MAGIC LANTERN The magic lantern as a commercial resource The development of the magic lantern: origin and technical description Light sources – OIL LAMP – LIME LIGHT – KEROSENE OIL (COAL OIL) – ELECTRIC LIGHT Lantern Slides – PAINTED SLIDES – LITOGRAPH/DECA SLIDES – PHOTOGRAPHIC SLIDES Special effects slides – SLIP SLIDES – LEVER SLIDES – REVOLVING SLIDES – CHROMATROPES – SPECIALIZED SLIDES Iconographic repertoire THREE – ANALYSIS AND DIAGNOSIS OF THE RESTORED MATERIAL DIAGNOSTIC TECHNIQUES Digital imaging Photographic observation Stereomicroscope with fibre optic illuminators Optical microscopy (OM) Images of ultraviolet fluorescence VISUAL ANALYSIS Three types of slides Previous “Conservative Operations” Emulsion & image Category Identification ANALYSIS OF PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL DETERIORATION Glass Gelatin Silver – SULPHIDE – REDOX Paper Colouring CONDITION REPORT Result FOUR – RESTORATION GUIDELINES ORDERING AND INVENTORY FIRST CLEANSING: GLASS AND PAPER ELEMENTS PAPER ELEMENTS Materials Cleansing Permanent or temporary removal of the sealing paper and labels Adhesions, reinforcements and the joining of tears in sealing paper and labels Replacement of sealing paper Masking paper COVER GLASS PLATES Material Cleansing Replacement EMULSIFIED GLASS PLATES Reinforcements Integration of the broken corners Sandwich – ADHESIVE PLASTERS – SYNTHETIC RESINS – TESTING OF SANDWICH – CONSIDERATIONS ON THE VARIOUS METHODS – CREATION OF THE SANDWICH EMULSION Cleansing Pictorial touch up FINAL NUMBERING ENVIRONMENT FOR THE CONSERVATION MATERIALS FOR STORAGE International Ruling ISO 10214 Cardboard boxes Grooves drawers Polyvinylchloride (PVC) pockets SOME DESCRIPTION SHEET FIVE – PHOTOGRAPHY AND INFORMATION PHOTOGRAPHY AS DOCUMENT DOCUMENTARY STYLE AMUNDSEN’S STYLE:BETWEEN PHOTOGRAPHIC DOCUMENTATION AND DOCUMENTARY PHOTOGRAPHY ARRAYS COLLECTION OF THE SLIDES BIBLIOGRAPHY