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Lexical Reconstruction

Lexical Reconstruction

Author: Isidore Dyen, David F. Aberle
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521203694
Pages: 498
Year: 1974-12-12
In this book, lexical reconstruction is used to provide links between cultural and social anthropology and linguistics in Athapaskan languages and dialects.
Lexical Acculturation in Native American Languages

Lexical Acculturation in Native American Languages

Author: Cecil H. Brown
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0195352874
Pages: 272
Year: 1999-02-04
Lexical acculturation refers to the accommodation of languages to new objects and concepts encountered as the result of culture contact. This unique study analyzes a survey of words for 77 items of European culture (e.g. chicken, horse, apple, rice, scissors, soap, and Saturday) in the vocabularies of 292 Amerindian languages and dialects spoken from the Arctic Circle to Tierra del Fuego. The first book ever to undertake such a large and systematic cross-language investigation, Brown's work provides fresh insights into general processes of lexical change and development, including those involving language universals and diffusion.
The Lexical Reconstruction of West-Rift Southern Cushitic

The Lexical Reconstruction of West-Rift Southern Cushitic

Author: Roland Kiessling, Maarten Mous
Publisher:
ISBN: 3896450689
Pages: 358
Year: 2003

Syntactic Reconstruction and Proto-Germanic

Syntactic Reconstruction and Proto-Germanic

Author: George Walkden
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0198712294
Pages: 277
Year: 2014
This book offers reconstructions of various syntactic properties of Proto-Germanic, including verb position in main clauses, the syntax of the wh-system, and the (non-)occurrence of null pronominal subjects and objects. Although previous studies have looked at the lexical and phonological reconstruction of Proto-Germanic, little is currently known about the syntax of the language, and it has even been argued that the reconstruction of syntax is impossible. Dr Walkden uses extensive evidence from the early Germanic languages - Old English, Old High German, Old Saxon, Old Norse, and Gothic - to show that syntactic reconstruction is not only possible but also profitable. He argues that while the reconstruction of syntax differs from lexical-phonological reconstruction due to the so-called 'correspondence problem', this is not insurmountable. In fact, the approach taken in current Minimalist theories, in which syntactic variation is attributed to the properties of lexical items, opens the door for syntactic reconstruction as lexical reconstruction. The book also discusses practical solutions for circumventing the correspondence problem, in particular the use of both distributional properties of lexical items and the phonological forms of such items in order to establish cognacy. The book will be of interest to historical linguists working on syntactic reconstruction and the Germanic languages, from graduate level upwards, as well as to advanced students of syntactic change more generally.
The Lexicon of Proto-Oceanic

The Lexicon of Proto-Oceanic

Author: Malcolm Ross, Andrew Pawley, Meredith Osmond
Publisher: ANU E Press
ISBN: 1921313196
Pages: 399
Year: 2007-03-01
This is the second in a series of five volumes on the lexicon of Proto Oceanic, the ancestor of the Oceanic branch of the Austronesian language family. Each volume deals with a particular domain of culture and/or environment and consists of a collection of essays each of which presents and comments on lexical reconstructions of a particular semantic field within that domain. Volume 2 examines how Proto Oceanic speakers described their geophysical environment. An introductory chapter discusses linguistic and archaeological evidence that locates the Proto Oceanic language community in the Bismarck Archipelago in the late 2nd millennium BC. The next three chapters investigate terms used to denote inland, coastal, reef and open sea environments, and meteorological phenomena. A further chapter examines the lexicon for features of the heavens and navigational techniques associated with the stars. How Proto Oceanic speakers talked about their environment is also described in three further chapters which treat property terms for describing inanimate objects, locational and directional terms, and terms related to the expression of time.
Hawaiki, Ancestral Polynesia

Hawaiki, Ancestral Polynesia

Author: Patrick Vinton Kirch, Roger C. Green
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 052178879X
Pages: 375
Year: 2001-03-15
An anthropological approach to long-term history through detailed reconstruction of the Ancestral Polynesian culture, Hawaiki.
Linguistics and Philosophy

Linguistics and Philosophy

Author: Adam Makkai, Alan K. Melby
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027235368
Pages: 472
Year: 1985-01-01
This volume contains papers by a large number of influencial linguists, written as a tribute to the work of Rulon S. Wells. The volume is subdivided into sections on the Philosophy of Language, Phonology, Syntax, Historical and Typological Linguistics, and Diachronic and Synchronic Derivation.
Linguistic Change and Reconstruction Methodology

Linguistic Change and Reconstruction Methodology

Author: Philip Baldi
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 311088609X
Pages: 764
Year: 1990-01-01
TRENDS IN LINGUISTICS is a series of books that open new perspectives in our understanding of language. The series publishes state-of-the-art work on core areas of linguistics across theoretical frameworks as well as studies that provide new insights by building bridges to neighbouring fields such as neuroscience and cognitive science. TRENDS IN LINGUISTICS considers itself a forum for cutting-edge research based on solid empirical data on language in its various manifestations, including sign languages. It regards linguistic variation in its synchronic and diachronic dimensions as well as in its social contexts as important sources of insight for a better understanding of the design of linguistic systems and the ecology and evolution of language. TRENDS IN LINGUISTICS publishes monographs and outstanding dissertations as well as edited volumes, which provide the opportunity to address controversial topics from different empirical and theoretical viewpoints. High quality standards are ensured through anonymous reviewing.
Proto Malayic

Proto Malayic

Author: Karl A. Adelaar
Publisher:
ISBN:
Pages: 253
Year: 1992

American Indian and Indoeuropean Studies

American Indian and Indoeuropean Studies

Author: Kathryn Klar, Margaret Langdon, Shirley Silver
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110808684
Pages: 511
Year: 1980-01-01
TRENDS IN LINGUISTICS is a series of books that open new perspectives in our understanding of language. The series publishes state-of-the-art work on core areas of linguistics across theoretical frameworks as well as studies that provide new insights by building bridges to neighbouring fields such as neuroscience and cognitive science. TRENDS IN LINGUISTICS considers itself a forum for cutting-edge research based on solid empirical data on language in its various manifestations, including sign languages. It regards linguistic variation in its synchronic and diachronic dimensions as well as in its social contexts as important sources of insight for a better understanding of the design of linguistic systems and the ecology and evolution of language. TRENDS IN LINGUISTICS publishes monographs and outstanding dissertations as well as edited volumes, which provide the opportunity to address controversial topics from different empirical and theoretical viewpoints. High quality standards are ensured through anonymous reviewing.
Historical Syntax in Cross-Linguistic Perspective

Historical Syntax in Cross-Linguistic Perspective

Author: Alice C. Harris, Lyle Campbell
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521478812
Pages: 488
Year: 1995-09-21
In this important new work, Alice Harris and Lyle Campbell set out to establish a general framework for the investigation of syntactic change. Using a cross-linguistic approach, they reveal shared properties of changes across languages, determine what mechanisms lie behind them, and how they correlate to the overall explanation of syntactic change. They draw on data drawn from a wide variety of languages, in particluar those from the Indo-European, Finno-Ugric, Kartvelian, and North East Caucasian families.
Archaeology of African Plant Use

Archaeology of African Plant Use

Author: Chris J Stevens, Sam Nixon, Mary Anne Murray, Dorian Q Fuller
Publisher: Left Coast Press
ISBN: 1611329744
Pages: 293
Year: 2013-12-31
The first major synthesis of African archaeobotany in decades, this book significantly advances our knowledge of relationship between agriculture and social complexity.
The Daju Language Group

The Daju Language Group

Author: Robin E. W.. Thelwall
Publisher:
ISBN:
Pages: 362
Year: 1981

Indo-European Linguistics

Indo-European Linguistics

Author: James Clackson
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139467344
Pages:
Year: 2007-10-18
The Indo-European language family consists of many of the modern and ancient languages of Europe, India and Central Asia, including Latin, Greek, Sanskrit, Russian, German, French, Spanish and English. Spoken by an estimated three billion people, it has the largest number of native speakers in the world today. This textbook provides an accessible introduction to the study of the Indo-European languages. It clearly sets out the methods for relating the languages to one another, presents an engaging discussion of the current debates and controversies concerning their classification, and offers sample problems and suggestions for how to solve them. Complete with a comprehensive glossary, almost 100 tables in which language data and examples are clearly laid out, suggestions for further reading, discussion points, and a range of exercises, this text will be an essential toolkit for all those studying historical linguistics, language typology and the Indo-European languages for the first time.
Jargonaphasia

Jargonaphasia

Author: Jason W. Brown
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 1483216764
Pages: 348
Year: 2013-10-22
Jargonaphasia covers the different forms of posterior aphasia and the relations of these pathological states to focal brain lesions. The book presents the behavior of eight patients with full-blown jargonaphasia. The text then describes the components and analysis of the neologism, the conditions under which it can appear, and its possible functions; the localization of lesions in jargonaphasia and the utilization of IS and CT localization; and the gestures and lexical processes in jargonaphasia. The aphasic jargon and the speech acts of naming and judging; the behavioral aspects of jargonaphasia; and the associative processes in semantic jargon and in schizophrenic language are also considered. The book further tackles case reports of semantic jargon; a case with phonemic jargon; and the vowel timing and linguistic organization of articulatory sequences in jargonaphasia. The text also looks into the therapy with the jargonaphasic. Psychiatrists, neuropsychologists, speech therapists, psychologists, and linguistics will find the book invaluable.